El Aqsa Mosque
The mosque was built on the site of Justinian's basilica dedicated to the Virgin, by the Omayyad Caliph Al Walid I (705-715). The Crusaders looked upon it as the Temple of Solomon. The interior with its seven naves is astonishing. The building has been restored several times, most recently in 1938-43 when it received the white Carrara marble columns presented by Mussolini and the ceiling donated by King Farouk of Egypt.
In 1951, King Abdullah of Jordan was shot when entering the mosque.