The oil press garden
The Mount of Olives, so called from the olive trees with which its sides are clothed, is a mountain ridge on the east of Jerusalem, from which it is separated by the valley of Kidron. Mentioned already in connection with David's flight from Jerusalem through the rebellion of Absalom, it is frequently encountered in the New Testament. It now bears the name of Jebel et-Tur, i.e., "Mount of the Summit;" also sometimes called Jebel ez-Zeitun, i.e., "mount of Olives." It is about 200 feet above the level of the city. The road from Jerusalem to Bethany runs as of old over this mount. It was on this mount that Jesus stood when he wept over Jerusalem. The garden of Gethsemane (from the Hebrew Gath-shamma=oil press) lies below on its slope.