Old City of Jerusalem - aerial view
The « high city » of Jerusalem, in Hebrew Yerushalayim (Dwelling of Peace), in Greek and latin Hierosolyma, in Arabic El-Quds (« holy »), once the capital of the Jewish Kingdom, is the capital of the State of Israel and the See of a Greek Orthodox, an Armenian and a Roman Catholic patriarch and of an Anglican bishop. As the city of the Temple of David and Solomon, the site of Christ’s passion and the place from which Mohammed ascended into heaven, Jerusalem is revered by Jews, Christians and Moslems alike. Its status as a “holy” city is uniquely evidenced by the abundance of holy places sacred to the three monotheistic religions. Consequently every year the city is visited by pilgrims and tourists from all over the world.